85 million, which ranks 29th in the world.
Colombia is officially known as the republic of colombia.
It consists of thirty-two departments and is located on the northwestern side of south america.
Colombia Overview - Continue
The eastern lowland areas, which account for 54% of the countrys area, have less than 3% of the population.
Despite being one of the top 30 most populous countries, colombia is sparsely populated with just 41 people per square kilometer (106/square mile), which ranks 173rd in the world.
Colombia is the third-most populous country in all of latin america and its home to the third-largest number of spanish-speaking people in the world after mexico and the united states.
What was your first impression of colombia?
The charming villa de leyva, the thermal waters in paipa, the city of medellin, the old rural towns of antioquia and the beauty and romance of cartagena’s old town.
The south american country is a prime spot to see wildlife.
It’s the second-most bio-diverse country.
"there is a reason magical realism was born in colombia.
"narcos, tv series cocaine, coffee, cartels and civil war.
That is all a lot of foreigners used to know of colombia.
Today however, travellers are raving about the beaches, the transforming cities, the boom of creativity and the warm welcome received from people proud to show off what was hidden away for so long.
Colombia geography and climate
Colombias main features that highlight its geography are the andes mountain range that is shared with ecuador and venezuela, the pacific coastal area that joins with panama and ecuador, the lianos plains that are shared with venezuela, the caribbean coastal region with venezuela and panama, and the amazon rainforest area that connects with venezuela, brazil, peru, and ecuador.
The colombian people have differentiated the country in terms of its climatic zones.
For example, they call the region below 900 meters (2,953ft) in elevation, the tierra caliente meaning hot land.
What is the best time to visit colombia?
Places like bogota, medellin and salento are always cooler than on the coast.
While temperatures don’t vary much throughout the year, the amount of rainfall does.
Best time to visit are Jun-Aug and Jan-Feb.
What do things cost in colombia?
To keep on budget, we had to be smart.
On the face of it, colombia is not an expensive country - you can eat out in local joints for a couple of dollars, enjoy a number of the amazing sights for free and still partake in a few ice cold beers at the end of the day.
How is the safety in colombia?
Colombia is much safer than it was just a few years ago and with a few normal precautions you should have no concerns.
In every major city we saw a heavy police presence ensuring everyone’s safety.
What to see?
Colombia travel guide: backpacking tips
It’s the new “it” spot to visit (and move to).
Fans of history and archaeology will enjoy bogota’s many museums but will be truly impressed by the tierradentro, lost city, and san agustin sites.
Colombia travel guide - Continue?
Head along to the unremarkable santa marta, which will be your jump-off point for bird-watching and hiking in minca or the gorgeous beaches in tayrona national park.
Medellin is a city with many stories to tell and it will be easy to lose yourself in its history.
Where to go rock climbing in colombia
From the brutal deserts of the north to the dense jungles of the amazon, colombia has something for everyone.
The history of the country is so colourful, so downright unbelievable and often bewildering that no one could possibly make these stories up.
Need some colombia inspiration?
We will be primarily traveling to medellin and cartagena.
We aim to take a few 1-2 day trips from medellin - guatape, and jardin or a nearby finca de cafe (not salento).
The best places to visit in colombia.
Cartagena, the world renown coffee plantations, is stunning with both its colonial walled city and location on the hot caribbean coast while the city of san gil is the adventure capital of colombia.
Barranquilla has the largest carnival celebration in all of colombia.
Malaria in Colombia
I am curious about your opinion - our doctors told us not to worry about malaria - i know it is not an issue in medellin or cartagena, but i am a little worried about our day trips.
Things to know about colombia
Those offering massages on the beach will actually start rubbing your legs as a way to convince you to take their service.
You will likely find them following you along the road for a while trying to show you their wares and offering cheaper prices.
A firm but kind ‘no, gracias’, likely repeated a few times, will do the trick.
Daily budget for medellin colombia
Due to the amount of food and booze i consumed.
To have a good time while still being a little measured on spending you’re probably looking at about $65 usd per day.
Bogota also has excellent museums with free entry on sundays (be sure to see the museo del oro, one of the world’s largest collections of gold).
Take in incredible nightlife that goes late into the morning.
Guatavita lake northeast of Bogota
Because guatavita is more than just a lake, after all.
We’re surrounded by a cotton candy haze of low-hanging clouds and fog.
The salt cathedral of Zipaquira near Bogota
A church in a vast salt mine featuring the stations of the Cross carved out of rock salts.
The ultimate colombia tour
With a vibrant nightlife and burgeoning cultural scene, bogota is an unforgettable city.
From the capital you will visit the impressive zipaquira salt cathedral and [.
La casona del museo and galeria artesanal de colombia
Due to their central location next to one of the city’s most popular tourist attractions, the prices are much higher in this market, and you won’t be able to negotiate them as low as at the other markets.
This is because the stall-owners have to pay a higher rent to be at this market.
So by all means, take a look if you’re there, but i guarantee you will find very similar if not the same products cheaper at the other markets.
Travel colombia: chiquinquira (near Bogota), the religious capital of colombia
It attracts flock of devoted catholic pilgrims from around the country due to the miracle related to the picture of virgin Mary.
Barichara, Colombia (between bogota and medellin)
Barichara, the beautifulwith its cobblestone streets, sleepy atmosphere, and immaculate white-washed houses with red-tiled roofs; barichara is a charming colonial town where time seems to stand still.
Take the graffiti tour in medellin, colombia.
Discovering the fruits of colombia at minorista market, Medellin
The frenetic nature, the amazing photo opportunities and the cheap fruit and veg.
They provide a great introduction into how a country operates.
However colombia, you are a confusing place.
Visiting a coffee farm in colombia
We first saw each other in medellin where i asked her to join me in jardin, a beautiful and picturesque small town in the mountains of antioquia where my dad and stepmom live.
Antioquia is part of the eje cafetero in colombia, a region known for producing the most wonderful arabica coffee in the world.
On jennifer’s last day we wanted to go see a finca cafetera (coffee farm) but we had no idea how to go about it.
Guatape (near Medellin) - Switzerland of Colombia: the most colourful town in colombia
Our favourite things to do in guatape climb el penol for a great view.
Climbing the foothills of the city of medellin, one arrives at this man made location in roughly two or three hours.
The large lagoon that you see above at one point in history did not exist.
The colombian governments in the 1970 decided to flood the region to create this.
Jardin (near Medellin): our favourite town in Colombia
Our favourite pueblo in colombia isnt in the guidebooks.
Whilst salento and guatape are very popular on the backpacker trail, little jardin was all ours.
Things to do in Cali, Colombia
And while it is known as the salsa capital of the world, cali has more on offer than just bars and salsa and music.
Getting lost in the desert in la guajira, colombia
This department is on the caribbean coast and it’s beautiful with the most northern point of south america, punta gallina.
Because colombian fruits are some of the most colourful, delicious and exotic-looking varieties you’re ever likely to encounter.
Taking a moment to step away from the hustle and bustle of the big innovative cities of medellin and bogota, my heart tends to lay in more rural areas, more specifically, with a little town called salento.
Everything you see in salento is lush, green, and full of growth.
What to do in salento colombia
Within the valley lays an area that houses hundreds of wax palm trees.
Not only are wax palm trees the highest palm tree in the world reaching around 60 meters in height, they are also colombia’s national tree.
From salento, it is just a quick 20 minute jeep “willie” ride from the centre of town to the cocora valley colombia.
There really isn t anything else to do there except relax, hike and enjoy the scenery.
Go horseback riding in salento colombia!
There are a lot of cowboys in south america, and colombia celebrates these people, who they call ‘vaqueros”.
You will notice them as soon as you arrive in salento colombia, sporting their belt buckles and cowboy hats.
Horse back riding is a way of life in salento quindio.
Play tejo in salento colombia
The game of tejo involves throwing metal disks at gunpowder which eventually explodes.
In salento there are a number of bars which offer tourists the opportunity to join in on a game of tejo.
Go ahead and try tejo colombia’s game, you will have a wild time.
Campesino gold miner: marmato, colombia
The city was gritty and i found a picture that could describe colombia perfectly (click here) at the entrance.
We found a tour guide that knew everyone in the city [.
] streets of salento, colombia i present to you the streets of salento, colombia.
One of the coolest places in colombia, salento is the heart of the coffee region and was once a major traffic zone.
Streets of salento, colombia
One of the coolest places in colombia, salento is the heart of the coffee region and was once a major traffic zone.
This is also where you can find the valley of cocora where you can find the tallest palm trees in the world.
With the darien rainforest to the north, and colombias caribbean coast to the east, capurgana is probably the most isolated place we visited in all of colombia.
Initially on our itinerary purely as a way of avoiding the extortionately priced san blas sailing tours, we knew very little of what to expect from this dusty road of a town.
However, we were delighted to discover a wonderfully laid-back spot, where motor vehicles are eschewed for horse and cart, ladies sell best fish empanadas in the world, beautiful white sand beaches lie at the end of rainforest hikes and theres an all together different way of life.
Unknown hidden gems in colombia
Visit mythical lompoc in northern Colombia.
Trek to the lost city (Ciudad Perdida) in the jungle.
Challenge yourselves outdoors in san gil.
Take the unique transport into san cipriano.
Dive around san andres.
Visit tayrona national park.
Lost city trek (Ciudad Perdida) Colombia
It is like a more raw form of machu picchu, just a few hours drive from cartagena or santa marta in the sierra nevada region of colombia.
Similar to machu picchu, the ciudad perdida trek entails a 4 or 5 day journey to a massive piece of archeology amidst the jungle.
How much does the lost city trek colombia cost?
So pro hikers out there, just let it go, join a ciudad perdida tour and make some friends while enjoying the luxury camping style.
All companies have the same price for the lost city tour colombia, regardless if you leave from santa marta, palomino or tayrona.
As of 2018 the tour costs $950,000 colombian pesos, or $315usd.
and is worth every penny.
Beaches in colombia?
Although i found santa marta nice, it was the small places close by that really captured my imagination.
Firstly, parque tayrona with its outstandingly beautiful beaches and the gigantic rocks scattered everywhere which added to its mysticism.
About 45 mintues up in the other direction up there’s minca, full of dense canopies, crashing waterfalls and spectacular vistas.
Travel colombia - where to stay in san andres
Get me to a beach, with warm weather and calm waters, and i am pretty excitable.
I have seen many a beach in my time too, but one of the most beautiful beaches i have seen was in san andres, colombia.
Windsurf courses, riohacha, colombia
5 hours・4 hoursfrom €36 / person
2 hoursfrom €25 / person.
Colombia coffee region tour
You will get a hands-on lesson about the whole colombian coffee production process on a coffee tour led by a local expert.
If thats not cool enough, the whole experience will take place in colombias coffee region, an area adorned by astonishing mountains, friendly people, coffee plantations and valleys declared world heritage sites by unesco.
The cumbia smoker: carnival in colombia
Cumbia is a style of music in colombia and it’s part of the country’s roots.
This was part of the cumbia section which is one of my favorites.
Cumbia is a typical latin dance where men and women dance together much like salsa with less turns.
Colorful macaw parrot: armenia, colombia
This macaw was the most curious and annoying parrot in the world.
If you didn’t know i actually had privilege of having breakfast with him since he decided to follow me around by climbing up my chair and wreaking havoc on my now scarred shoulder.
Playing with lion fish at tayrona national park, colombia
Island at tayrona national park: colombia
Once you walk a few hours and arrive at many of the locations along the coast, the heat exhaustion will certainly feels well over 100 degrees with 100% humidity.